Carlotta - the museum database

OBJTXTbeskrivning/description - english

1"studentmössa" is the swedish term for a cap a person had a right to wear when they graduated from studies enabeling them to continue to university studies. this graduationcap was probably made 1900-1925 and probably belonged to Hakon Evers. marking in cap initials "H.E-" "Petersens Uppsala" (probably a sellers mark).
1A crowded city had no place for secrets. Come to the trial at the City Hall! There you can see how the quarrel between the neighbours ended. Honour was a key issue, stemming from insults, accusations and drunken fights. Usually they ended in fines. Other punishments were flogging, being driven out of the city, or having to stand at the front of the church and be shamed. Sometimes someone went too far and was condemned to death by hanging or having their head chopped off.
1Archaelogists have investigated the town of Nya Lödöse several times. One of the strangest finds was made more than 100 years ago. The person who led the excavations wrote: "On the chest of a female skeleton lay a sliver case in the shape of a heart".
1At the end of the 1600s Gothenburg was Sweden´s second-biggest city, with residents and mighty stone walls.
1Butterflies II
1check, counter, token = coinshaped marker used as voucher or receipt.
1Comments on the construction of the spearhead: The conical socket was attached to the spear shaft by means of two nails, one of which survives, the other one left a hole 4 mm in diameter. The nails are aligned with the blade. The socket was made out of a sheet of iron welded along a line in a plane roughly perpendicular to the holes. No visible decorations are left on the socket. The socket walls are at least 2.1-2.4 mm thick, but it is possible that they are thicker: the pitting is deep in places but no holes are visible. It is possible that the socket was usually polygonal (octagonal?) as it seems to present in places flat-ish surfaces, but the state of the metal makes it difficult to judge whether this was the original shape, or a result of corrosion/conservation. A polygonal socket would be quite exceptional for a Type H spearhead. A bulge, typical of Type H spears, is visible at the junction between the socket and the blade. The hollow inside the socket is 95 mm deep. This is exactly the length of the socket plus the bulge, so the weld attaching the socket to the blade is presumable either in the bulge (hidden under it?), or after it. Deep lines run just after the bulge but these might be a result of conservation work rather than signs of the welding line. The blade has a composite construction, made of 7 different elements of metal (possibly only 4 if all the outer elements are bent around rather than made of two pieces). The core, of layered (folded) iron, is 10-12 mm wide, and about 12 cm long (from the base of the blade) - it extends about 9 cm further than the shoulder of the blade. The second layer, 30 mm wide at the shoulder of the blade, is made of twisted pattern-welded rods. The direction of the twist is the same on both sides of the blade, rather than symmetric. The number of layers in the twisted rods was not determined, and the surface preservation near the base of the blade made it impossible to say whether the end of this layer was forged to shape or ground. The third layer is a wolf-tooth pattern, of homogeneous metal. The toothed bands are about 5 mm thick, and the teeth are about 3 mm high and spaced by 5 mm. The last layer is the edge, of layered (folded) metal, presumably steel rather than iron. The lines of the metal, flowing around the wolf-tooth pattern, show clearly that the edge was forged onto the pre-formed teeth (rather than a iron rod being forged onto teeth pre-formed in the steel band). The layered edge shows signs of delamination in several places. The cutting edge itself is preserved nowhere, and the remaining, corroded edge is damaged (bent) in several places, but it is impossible to know whether this damage precedes the corrosion process or not. The blade has a simple diamond cross-section, with simple bevels. The ridge is offset by about 1 mm from the middle of the spearhead on all its length (save for the tip), but is well-aligned with the socket. While such an asymmetry is far from abnormal, it is possible (given the shape of the blade and the corrosion state of the edges) that one edge is more corroded than the other. The blade is slightly bent (with an offset of 7 mm with respect to a perfectly straight line), the bend starts about 9 cm from the tip of the blade. Again it is impossible to tell whether this happened before or after deposition - although a bend happening during the use of the weapon might have rather happened closer to the point./Dr Jan Orkisz 2019-12-02
1dress of thin pattern wowen cotton, with tulle lace sleves. probably made between 1795-1805
1Every block in Nya Lödöse are divided into equal plots, with several smaller houses on each plot.
1In 1600s Gothenburg it was important to show your status. This period was called the Baroque, and buildings, furniture, clothes and music were intended to impress and provoke strong emotions. Are you successful? Then everyone must know. Large wigs, huge cloaks and grandiose dresses were the fashion. The rich families filled their houses with Dutch paintings and gilt furniture with ceiling and wall paintings. The more the better!
1Inside the silver heart lay a rolled-up bit of paper. On it are four rows of letters. Experts have tried to interpret the text but the ink is too faded and the letters are too few.
1In the 1600s christianity was a constant presence. On Sundays everyone gathered in the city's churches. From the pulpit the Bible's message was preached and official news was conveyed. The priest read aloud letteres from the king and regulations. Outside the church and among the pews, more news was spread. The members of the congregation greeted each other and gossiped, flirted and quarrelled. This was also where people showed who they were. Sitting was posher than standing. The closer to the priest someone sat in church, the higher social status they had.
1In the middle of Nya Lödöse stood the church and around it lay the graveyard. There were always newly dug graves. People died of illnesses and wounds. Many people died as children or newborn babies. Few became really old. Most people died in the spring, when the winter's food stores had run out.
1Iron key with traces of gilding. Found in Nya Lödöse. (NL:1965:1)
1Knitting guard in the shape of ladies boots, the ends of knitting needles were placed inside the boots. A ribbon conected the pair of boots. The ribbon was threaded trough the rings at the back of the opening of the boot and tied together. too prevent the knitting to slide of the pins when knitting was not in progress.
1More than 100 years before Gothenburg was founded an earlier town was built beside the Göta River. It was called Nya Lödöse and lay where the district of Gamlestaden is today.
1morning dress or pelisse of white cotton estimated time of making 1800-1820
1Nya Lödöse was the largest town i western Sweden. It was surrounded by a moat and earth ramparts to protect it from enemies. The town´s streets ran parallel with the Säveån River and down towards the Göta River. The street blocks were divided into equal-sized plots of land. Washerwomen, merchants, maidservants, tailors, bakers, teachers and many more lived and worked in the town. Many different wares were traded in sheds and market stalls and on the streets languages from the whole of northern Europe could be heard.
1On the silver heart is a coat of arms a cross with four birds. It means that the woman belonged to an important family. But which one? The question was sent out around Europe and from The Hauge we received an answer. The coat of arms may have belonged to the Dutch family of Van Sassen. Was the woman from the Netherlands. Could IVS mean Johanna van Sassen? On the other side of the heart are the letters DM and ES. Are they the initials of the two lovers? Perhaps the silver heart is a love token.
1Petersen Type H spearhead, with a pattern-welded core including a wolf-tooth pattern. Wolf-tooth patterns seem to be rare, and mostly found in Petersen Type K and M spears (with also some occurrences of Type D, G or H). These are apparently only "local", Scandinavian designs, not imported, Frankish ones.
1Potsherd featuring a heart. from the 15- or 1600s. Even in the 1500s the heart shape was a symbol of love and faithfullness. (GSMS:110003:232)
1ridingjacket of red wool probably made between 1880-1920, makers mark: J.A.Wettergren & Co Göteborg.
1Rumours are spreading! About the king´s soldiers, rebellion, war! What´s going to happen? Will Nya Lödöse be spared? Is it safest to stay or best to pack everything and flee?
1Sträckningsbild med Östra Hamnkanalen från Gustav Adolfs torg till Lilla Bommen. Göta älv och Hisingen skymtar i fonden. I bildens framkant Fontänbron och Stora Hamnkanalen. Börsen och Högvakten till vänster vid Gustav Adolfs torg. Till höger i bild anas Brunnsparken.
1The new city needed law and order. The people in charge of the city formed what was called the civic administration. This also acted as the city's law court. In 1624 the king decided that the civic administration should consist of 12 men. Four of them should be Swedes, three Dutchmen, three Germans and two Sctosmen. They also had to manage the city's finances so that the money from taxes and fines would find its way to the city's iron-bound strongbox. Money box from the 1600s. (GM:16621)
1The priest is reading from the Bible, Which he has put on the church Bible stand.
1The shield boss has a wide flange and a smooth dome which makes it belong to Hjardar & Vike's Type E - although it has rather high vertical walls and a flatter top, there is not well-defined "neck" between the flange and the dome. The boss is unusual in that is has a hole at the centre of the dome. The hole is 4.9 mm in diameter, and appears to have been punched out from the inside: there is a little swell of the metal around it, and a small lip at the edge of the hole. No signs show that this hole would not be contemporary to the construction of the boss. The boss was attached to the shield by at least three large rivets or nails (the surviving two, which stick out about 5 mm below the flange, show no signs of riveting or clenching, so the exact attaching method is unknown). The two surviving rivets/nails have heads with a diameter of 12mm, but one has a smooth, domed head, while the other one has a flat, rather cylindrical head. A third, large hole (5.5 mm in diameter) in the flange makes an almost perfect equilateral triangle with the two rivets. Such a triangular arrangement is possibly quite rare. However, there is possibly a fourth, smaller (4 mm in diameter) hole in the flange, about 90° from the larger hole, and 30° from the domed rivet. This smaller hole is located in a damaged section of the flange, and a crack runs though it, but its edges seem regular enough to exclude the possibility of random rounded hole due to corrosion. The role of the fourth hole is unknown./Dr Jan Okisz 2019-12-02
1To entrer Gothenburg people had to pass through one of the city's five gates. But not everyone was welcome. A royal letter forbade Jews to live in Sweden. Roma, who were then called Tartars, were not even welcome to visit the city. Even to help Roma was illegal. In 1680 a widow, Clara, was taken to court for having allowed a "stranger of the Tartar nation" to live with her. She was not fined only because she was so poor.
1Try out the media of the 1600s, listen to the popular music of the times and help to solve the mystery of who wore the Silver Heart necklace. Join us on a journey through history and get to know the very first Gothenburgers! With the help of preserved life stories, unique objects and archaelogical finds, we can glimpse what everyday life was like in the 1600s and how Gothenburg became a leading trade metropolis. We begin with the late medieval town of Nya Lödöse, which lay hidden underground for centuries under today´s Gamlestaden. Excavations of the city throw new light on Gothenburg´s early history and the people who lived there. (The exhibition is a part of Gothenburg´s 400th anniversary.)
1Wall painting from Marieholm. Around Gothenburg lay landed estates. These were farms that were owned by the city but were rented out to rich Gothenburg residents. One of them were Marieholm. It was located in Gamlestaden, where Nya Lödöse "the old town" once lay. When the main building of the estate was torn down in 1938 this painted panel from the 1600s was found. (GM:17617)
1West Sweden's largest urban archaeological excavation In 2013 the largest urban archaeological excavation ever undertaken in West Sweden started in Gamlestaden, Gothenburg! The town of "Nya Lödöse", which lay here between 1473 and 1624, is being excavated. Gamlestaden in Göteborg is set to undergo major transformations. New construction activities with buildings, a new hub for public transport, walkways and bike lanes will transform the urban landscape. In preparation for this new construction, another world is coming to light. Immediately beneath us, where trains and trams move back and forth, where people rush about their daily lives, there is another town. But it has lain hidden, more or less, for hundreds of years. Now we have a chance to find out more about those who lived here, to get a glimpse of their day-to-day existence. The town was once known as Nya Lödöse and, before the traces of this old community disappear for good, archaeologists and other researchers will document and investigate them in more detail. What is it that actually remains? What can it tell us? Who lived here then? What were their lives like? It was their town, but we share it with them. It is also our town, our history. http://www.stadennyalodose.se/ (2017)
1Who was she? Why did she wear the heart? What was on the piece of paper? The wearer is dead but the mystery lives on. What do you think? Write down on a card and put up on the wall.
1Wooden sculpture depicting the Biblical figure Moses. In the 1600s pepole knew the Bible stories and their heroes. The sculpture used to be in Gamla Tossene Church in Northen Bohuslän. (GM:1413)
1Wooden sculpture depicting the Biblical figure St. John the Baptist. In the 1600s people knew the Bible stories and their heroes. The sculpture used to be in Gamla Tossene Church i northen Bohuslän. (GM:1414)
1WOODEN UNICORN from the chemist's shop Enhörningen (The Unicorn). The shop was Gothenburg's first chemist's shop and opened in 1642 at Södra Hamngatan 13, opposite the museum, on the other side of the channel. The Unicorn operated at a new address until 1968. (GSM:010007:1)